Take part within the SurfaceStations Undertaking – Model 2 – ?


I’ve been touring and unable to reply in feedback. Because of everybody who acquired stations. I will probably be in contact quickly.


As many longtime readers of WUWT know, what introduced this web site to fame was the unique surfacestations mission performed in 2007, 2008, and 2009. The publicity of the shoddy state of NOAA’s Cooperative Observer Community, and particularly its subset community the U.S. Historic Climatological Community (USHCN) brought about fairly a little bit of consternation and embarrasment to NOAA in addition to different businesses utilizing the info reminiscent of NASA GISS, CRU in Britain, and others.

Because the publication of my How To not Measure Temperature collection and the next booklet, NOAA has since disbanded the USHCN and not makes use of it of their Nationwide Temperature Index:

Please word: Nationwide USHCN month-to-month temperature updates have been discontinued. The official CONUS temperature report is now primarily based upon nClimDiv. USHCN information for January 1895 to August 2012 will stay accessible for historic comparability.

However they nonetheless use the info, they only don’t label it “USHCN.” As a substitute NOAA is favoring the “U.S. Local weather Divisions” technique, most probably on account of the truth that we proved the USHCN community to be shoddily managed and unreliable. We reported again in 2012 that USHCN had been deserted and Andy Might did an evaluation of the change, citing this passage from right here, by NOAA:

“The swap [from USCHN] to nClimDiv has little impact on the typical nationwide temperature pattern or on relative rankings for particular person years, as a result of the brand new dataset makes use of the identical set of algorithms and corrections utilized within the manufacturing of the USHCN v2.5 dataset. Nevertheless, though each the USHCN v2.5 and nClimDiv yield comparable traits, the finer decision dataset extra explicitly accounts for variations in topography (e.g., mountainous areas). Due to this fact, the baseline temperature, to which the nationwide temperature anomaly is utilized, is cooler for nClimDiv than for USHCN v2.5. This new baseline impacts anomalies for all years equally, and thus doesn’t alter our understanding of traits.”

However, NOAA not had the general public relations drawback of refering to the compromised and embarrasing USHCN as nClimDiv grew to become a brand new faceless dataset.

However a lot of these shoddy local weather monitoring stations within the COOP community and USHCN stay open, and they’re nonetheless used within the nClimDiv dataset both as main stations or as stations utilized in pairwise comparisons for homogenization of the floor temperature report.

The bias results of the poorly sited stations on your complete report could be very clear, as I reported in 2015 at AGU.

Determine 1 – Comparisons of 30 12 months pattern for compliant Class 1,2 USHCN stations to non-compliant, Class 3,4,5 USHCN stations to NOAA closing adjusted V2.5 USHCN information within the Contiguous United States

Over a decade later since first beginning the mission, I need to discover out what has modified, and what number of stations have really closed, gotten higher, or gotten worse. So, I’m asking on your assist once more, to seek out and {photograph} these stations. We all know a number of the worst-case stations I embrassed them with have been closed.

Bear in mind Marysville, CA, the poster baby for unhealthy station siting? It was the station that gave me my “gentle bulb second” on the difficulty of station siting. Right here is a photograph I took in Might 2007:

Determine 2 Marysville MMTS sensor in 2007

It was closed simply a few months after I launched it to the world as the prime instance of “How to not measure temperature”. The MMTS sensor was in a car parking zone, with sizzling air from a/c items from the close by electronics sheds for the cellular phone tower:

Determine 3: broad view of Marysville MMTS sensor in 2007 with temperature information report

One other equally unhealthy USHCN station has been closed, Tuczon Arizona, which was measuring local weather change within the car parking zone in entrance of the Atmospheric sciences constructing on the College of Arizona, Determine 4.

Determine 4: USHCN climate station in a car parking zone. College of Arizona, Tucson (NOW CLOSED)

So, I need to discover out what the state of the present floor temperature community is, and I would like your assist to do it. Prior to now three weeks, I’ve been touring in California, Nevada, Idaho, Oregon, and Montana to take a look at a number of the USHCN and COOP stations. What I’ve discovered thus far on my pattern means that in each the COOP and the USHCN, about 95% of the stations are compromised in a roundabout way and don’t adhere to NOAA’s printed siting requirements, permitting a temperature bias to be a part of the info. This has been confirmed by NOAA itself in a peer reviewed examine, and vindicates me.

I’ve already discovered stations simply as unhealthy as earlier than.

That is the USHCN station in Grants Move, OR. Parking tons and air conditioners once more.

The worst half? NOAA/NWS is aware of about it and doesn’t care. I acquired this touch upon my Fb web page:

As the previous Engineering Director there for 13 years I can say greater than as soon as when the Medford NWS workplace visited I requested if it may very well be moved to extra appropriate place. I even supplied to do it. However the suggestion was at all times declined.

How can I assist?

Effectively, it’s fairly easy, all you want is a cellphone (smartphone) and an internet browser. For those who actually need to science it up, get a FLIR digicam attachment on your telephone.

Again within the day after I began the mission, finding the stations was fairly tough. To NOAA’s credit score, they’ve vastly improved the metadata for all floor stations an have a complete database known as the Historic Observing Metadata Repository (HOMR). In that database, you could find all of the stations precise latitude/longitude, although they don’t give avenue tackle. Discovering it on a map solely requires Google Earth and dropping within the lat/lon values. Then you definately simply drive there and search for it. Generally, you possibly can even discover them on Google Earth Avenue View.

So, I’m asking that wherever you reside, you select a station or two from the checklist beneath close to you, announce it right here in feedback (to forestall doubling up), and observe the process I’ve listed beneath. Then submit your pictures and outline right here, in addition to emailing them as a zipper file to me for inclusion within the database.

Right here is the checklist of stations and their areas that I would like to look at earlier than the tip of Might 2022. These stations had been included in my 2009 report IS THE U.S. SURFACE TEMPERATURE RECORD RELIABLE? Stations with line via them have both been closed or I’ve already surveyed them or plan to survey them. I’ve helpfully included a hyperlink to every one to the HOMR database that reveals location. I’ve additionally included some notes on every station. You’ll be able to see unique pictures of those stations within the unique report in 2009.

Please see the process after the checklist on discover and {photograph} them right now.

Amherst, MA – Sewage Therapy Plant, 1 Mullins Means Amherst, MA 01002 GE Hyperlink
Ardmore, OK  – CLOSED 2009 for temperature reporting on account of horrible siting on avenue GE Hyperlink
Ashland, OR  – Sewage Therapy Plant, 1295 Oak St, Ashland, OR 97520 GE LINK
Atchison, KS  – Benedictine Faculty, 1020 N 2nd St, could also be in courtyard GE LINK 
Baltimore, MD   – CLOSED for temperature reporting on account of horrible siting on roof.
Bainbridge, GA – CLOSED 2010, sensor 8′ from highway and A/C unit
Bartow, FL – Beforehand at P.D., sensor proper on the road, MOVED. GE LINK Avenue View
Blacksburg, VA  Positioned at NWS Workplace, 1750 Forecast Drive, within the rear GE LINK Avenue View
Block Island, RI  – Authentic Report confirmed ASOS, HOMR component information reveals a CRS, Discover it please.
Brinkley, AR – Sewage Therapy Plant, 1185 Rusher Dr, Brinkley, AR 72021 GE Hyperlink
Brookville, IN – Brookville Water Works on Driveway, 898 Cliff St, Brookville, Indiana GE LINK
Buffalo Invoice Dam, WY – Will not be at vistor middle, 4808 N Fork Hwy, Cody, WY 82414  GE Hyperlink
Bunkie, LA – Surveyed already Sewage Therapy Plant. GE Avenue View Hyperlink
Champion, MI  – CLOSED in 2011 on account of location close to car parking zone. GE Avenue view Hyperlink
Clarksville, TN – on the WWTP off Quarry Rd. A number of development since unique survey. GE Hyperlink
Conway, SC  – CLOSED, hearth station closed, no new observer discovered.
Cornwall, VT  – 2900 Seth Warner Memorial Hwy (personal residence, seen from highway) GE Avenue View Hyperlink
Crosby, ND  – 209 1st Ave NW, Crosby, ND 58730 (personal residence, seen from highway) GE Hyperlink
Dayton, WA – Sewage Therapy Plant, Stockton Rd. GE Hyperlink
Detroit Lakes, MN –  At KLDM radio, (moved 70′ west) 1060 Richwood Rd, Detroit Lakes, MN – GE Hyperlink
Dillon, MT – Surveyed by A. Watts April 2022 Proper subsequent to campus generator bld, above sidewal – GE LINK
Drain, OR – Surveyed already – A. Watts Sewage Therapy Plant, Division Ave, Drain, OR GE Hyperlink
Durham, NH – US Forest Service, W Finish Path, 271 Mast Rd, Durham, NH 03824 GE Hyperlink
Ennis, MT  – Rainbow Valley Lodge, Hwy 287, Ennis MT GE Hyperlink
Enosburg Falls, VT  Seems to be to be on a farm, 27-1 Birch Ln Enosburg Falls, VT GE LINK
Falls Village, CT – CLOSED – went to automated SCADA information?
Fort Morgan, CO – MOVED in 2017 and 2018. Might now be at personal residence. GE LINK
Fort Scott, KS  – MOVED 2013 from Funderal Residence to PRIVATE RESIDENCE – 1904 S. Margrave St, GE LINK
Gainesville, GA – Observer died in 2021, station disposition unsure, 955 Sundown Blvd. GE Avenue View
Grace, Idaho – Surveyed by A. Watts April 2022, over concrete, weird placment of MMTS. GE Hyperlink
Greenville, TX – Surveyed already.
Greenwood, DE  CLOSED – Unknown motive GE Hyperlink
Gunnison, CO – At Gunnison County Electrical Affiliation close to upkeep. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Haskell, TX  – Moved from radio station, at personal residence now. 900 N eighth St, GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Hay Springs, NE – CLOSED in 2018, immediately subsequent to constructing. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Hendersonville, NC  – Nonetheless at WKHP radio subsequent to satellite tv for pc dish, highway. GE LINK GE Avenue View
Heppner, OR  – Seems to be to be proper on the road, at oil facility. 776-650 Riverside Ave. Heppner, OR GE Hyperlink
Hillsdale, MI  – At Wastewater Therapy Plant. W Galloway Dr, Hillsdale, GE Hyperlink
Hopkinsville, KY – Moved 2020 from ridiculous location at BBQ/AC 302 Briarwood Dr. GE Avenue View Hyperlink
Sizzling Springs, SD  – Seems to be to be subsequent to car parking zone, 501-599 N fifth St, Sizzling Springs, SD GE Hyperlink
Kennebec, SD – Seems to be to be in yard close to backyard, seen from 2nd avenue GE Hyperlink
Lampasas, Texas    CLOSED 2013 for temperature reporting on account of horrible siting on avenue GE Avenue View
Lebanon, MO  – At KJEL-FM subsequent to car parking zone. 18553 Gentry Highway, Lebanon, MO GE Hyperlink
Lenoir, NC  – On the sidewalk at Metropolis Municipal Bld. 605 Harper Ave. GE hyperlink GE Avenue View
Lexington, VA  -Seems to be to be at residence at 298-126 Walker St. GE Hyperlink
Logan, IA – at Sewage Therapy plant, CLOSED in 2021,
Lovelock, NV  – Already surveyed.
Marengo, IL – Sewage Therapy 1400 N State St CLOSED in 2019, tools should be there. GE Hyperlink
Marysville, CA Horrible location. CLOSED. Faraway from service.
Miami, AZ – Horrible location. CLOSED. Faraway from service on account of “information default” in 2008.
Midland, MI – Sewage Therapy Plant, Kent Ct. Midland. Sensor just lately moved. GE Hyperlink
Milwaukee, WI Sewage Therapy Plant, 501 Sentry Dr. Wakesha, GE Hyperlink
Mohonk Lake, NY Huguenot Dr New Paltz, NY GE Hyperlink
Monticello, MS – Municipal Bldg. 317 Important St. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Morrison, IL – Sewage Therapy Plant, 503 W Winfield St. Close to SW fence border? GE Hyperlink
Mount Vernon, IN – Municpal Bldg. Faculty and Water St. GE Hyperlink
Napoleon, OH – CLOSED, Sewage Plant, horrible siting GE Hyperlink
Neosho, MO at Neosho Nationwide Fish Hatchery 700 E, McKinney GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Northfield, VT – CLOSED, Sewage plant, observer give up, GE Hyperlink
Okemah, OK – CLOSED, unlocatable
Orangeburg, SC – Sewage remedy plant, 395 Seaboard St NW, GE LINK
Orland, CA – Surveyed by A. Watts Might 2022, nonetheless a superb station. GE LINK
Orono, ME – CLOSED 2008, ridiculous siting on roof of steam generator plant. GE LINK GE Avenue View
Panguitch, UT – Moved 2009 and in 2022, close to home with watered garden. GE Avenue View
Paris, IL – Sewage Plant, Close to S. Fence 50’s of highway and sewage tank GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Paso Robles, CA – horrible siting on the off-ramp for Freeway 101 over concrete, nonetheless open. GE Avenue View
Pocahontas, AR – Residence, 106 E. Wiley St. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Racine, WI Sewage Therapy Plant, 417 twenty first St. In entrance of workplace close to parking. GE Hyperlink
Purple Cloud, NE – Metropolis Storage? 763 US-281, appears to be like to be on W aspect rear of constructing. GE Hyperlink
Assumption Richardton Abbey, ND – 418 third Ave W, may very well be at upkeep bldg. GE Hyperlink
Rock Rapids, IA – Municipal Bldg. Between Avenue and Parking zone. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Salisbury, MD – CLOSED 2011, Sewage Therapy Plant GE Avenue View
Sandpoint, ID Previously Ag Exp. Station, now at Airport Granite Aviation 2099 Industrial Dr, seems to be subsequent to tarmac. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View
Santa Rosa, NM CLOSED, horrible siting in observers yard. GE Hyperlink
Searchlight, NV – Freeway maintence facility, 320 NV-164, modified to MMTS 2011. GE Hyperlink Avenue View
Spanish Fork, UT Electrical Substation, 2129 E. Powerhouse Rd. behind workplace close to concrete wall? GE Hyperlink
Spooner, WI – Ag Analysis Station, out entrance. GE Hyperlink GE Avenue View.
St. George, UT – MOVED 2015 to personal residence, unique was sited in car parking zone. GE Hyperlink
St. Joseph, LA – Already surveyed.
State Faculty, PA Unchanged from 2008, CRS behind Walker science constructing on grass GE LINK
Staunton, VA – Unchanged from survey in 2009, GE LINK
Tarboro, NC – Sewage remedy plant, unchanged from 2008. GE LINK
Thompson, UT – behind Utah Welcome Middle off I-70 GE Hyperlink
Tifton, GA – Nonetheless subsequent to sidewalk, A/C items, highway at WWTP. GE LINK
Titusville, FL – Sewage treament plant 1205 Buffalo Rd, sensor could also be moved GE Hyperlink
Troy, AL – Seems to be at Troy Univ. Downtown. 63 S. Courtroom Sq.. Could also be on roof or in rear. GE Hyperlink
Troy Locks/Dam, NY – Seems to be close to car parking zone of admin bldg. GE Hyperlink
Tuckerton, NJ – CLOSED 2010 motive unknown, beforehand at residence.
Tucson, Ariz. – CLOSED. 2008 on account of ridiculous siting within the car parking zone. GE Avenue View Hyperlink
Tularosa, NM – CLOSED. 2019 on account of lack of observer curiosity.
Tullahoma, TN – Unchanged from 2008, at sewage plant between transformers & concrete. GE LINK
Uniontown, PA – CLOSED 2019 Sewage Therapy plant, “NOT INTERESTED IN THE PROGRAM.”

The Process:

  1. Find a station close to you from the checklist above
  2. Make plans to go to. Go away a word in feedback beneath to keep away from duplication. Word that authorities areas, reminiscent of sewage treament crops oftn have locked gates on weekends
  3. When visiting, word that temperature sensor might not be close to rain gauge. Search for MMTS or Stevenson Display screen, additionally known as a Cotton Area Shelter (CRS).
  4. Take a smartphone and/or digicam with you. Chances are you’ll need to preload the tackle into maps.
  5. If utilizing a smartphone, ALWAYS flip the telephone/digicam horizontal to take footage
  6. If attainable take footage from 20 toes away temperature sensor from 4 cardinal compass factors, plus one or two general pictures (broad view) to indicate what’s close to it from completely different angles.
  7. Be respectful of tressaping indicators and so forth. Typically you will get footage via and/or above fences.
  8. Submit word in feedback that you’ve it, I’ll contact you by e mail to have you ever e mail pictures immediately.
  9. Deadline: Might twenty ninth, 2022


The checklist above is the USHCN, however there are various different stations which might be a part of the Cooperative Observers Community which might be additionally used to look at temperature for local weather information. These are a part of the “A” community and comprise a GHCN ID to point they’re a part of the International Historic Climatology Community.

Might of those stations don’t adhere to the 100 foot rule NOAA specification seen right here.

You’ll find that designtion within the HOMR database below the Station-Degree tab, seen beneath.

These are utilized in homogenization processes and for infilling lacking information. There are a lot of extra of those stations that the USHCN we initially checked out. Right here is discover them.

  1. Open up the HOMR net web page and use the selector to decide on the place you reside, reminiscent of state and county.
  2. Ensure you select “COOP” in the appropriate hand NETWORK selector, after which click on on the “Show Open Stations Solely” checkbox.
  3. The end result will look one thing like this:

Click on on the purple balloon within the map, and also you’ll then see one other map beneath it with a blue sq., click on on it to get the lat/lon information:

Paste the lat/lon information into google Earth (I take advantage of the downloadable program however the web site model additionally works.)

Use the Google Earth Avenue view instruments to find the tackle, if it’s a residence, use warning or choose one other station. Many stations are additionally on public amenities.

Can’t do any of this however need to assist? Contemplate a donation to assist the work.

THANK YOU – Anthony


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