New York state well being officers on Thursday reported a polio case, the primary within the U.S. in practically a decade.
Officers didn’t instantly supply particulars on who the Rockland County resident was, whether or not the particular person was vaccinated or their present situation.
State officers stated it appeared the particular person had a vaccine-derived pressure of the virus, maybe from somebody who received reside vaccine — obtainable in different international locations, however not the U.S. — and unfold it.
was as soon as one of many nation’s most feared illnesses, with annual outbreaks inflicting 1000’s of instances of paralysis — lots of them in kids.
Vaccines grew to become obtainable beginning in 1955, and nationwide vaccination marketing campaign reduce the annual variety of instances to lower than 100 within the Sixties and fewer than 10 within the Nineteen Seventies, in keeping with the CDC.
In 1979, polio was declared eradicated within the U.S., which means there was not routine unfold of the virus within the nation. Hardly ever, vacationers with polio have introduced infections into the U.S.,
U.S. kids are nonetheless routinely vaccinated in opposition to polio. Federal officers suggest 4 doses to be given on the following intervals: two months of age, 4 months, at six to 18 months and at age 4 by way of six years. Some states require solely three doses.
In line with the CDC’s most up-to-date childhood vaccination information, about 93% of 2-year-olds had acquired not less than three doses of polio vaccine.
Polio spreads principally from individual to individual or by way of contaminated water. It might probably infect an individual’s spinal twine, inflicting paralysis and probably everlasting incapacity and loss of life. The illness principally impacts kids.
Polio is endemic in Afghanistan and Pakistan, though quite a few international locations in Africa, the Center East and Asia have additionally reported instances lately.
Final month, well being officers in Britain warned dad and mom to ensure their kids have been vaccinated after the polio virus was present in London sewage samples. No instances of paralysis have been reported.
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