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Proof of “bone-crushing” canine discovered at Tennessee fossil website


East Tennessee State College says researchers have found proof of the extinct “bone-crushing” canine at a fossil website that additionally included herbivores, a sabretooth cat and alligators.

The college says it recognized the Borophagus canine on the Grey Fossil Website by discovering a single proper humerus higher arm bone. The “bone-crushing” animal had highly effective tooth and jaws.

Don’t learn this one earlier than mattress.

Researchers at ETSU’s Grey Fossil Website have recognized an extinct bone-crushing canine. 🐺 🐺 🐺 #ScienceSunday

Posted by East Tennessee State College on Sunday, August 7, 2022

The college says that is the primary proof of a canine there. The animal has been found at dozens of fossil websites throughout the U.S and Mexico, normally alongside crops and animals from open environments like grasslands.

Fossils on the Grey Fossil Website depict a densely forested habitat with a lot of forest crops and tree-dwelling animals.

“The identification of a bone-crushing canine provides to the checklist of terrestrial apex predators on the Grey Fossil Website, the opposite being a sabertooth cat,” mentioned Emily Bōgner, a UC Berkeley doctoral pupil who helped conduct the analysis. “With two giant predators on land and alligators within the water, herbivores on the website would have needed to be on excessive alert.” 

The Borophagus was comparable in dimension to a wolf, estimated to have weighed between 115-160 kilos, the college mentioned. In accordance with the Nationwide Park Service, the “bone-crushing” canine lived thousands and thousands of years in the past, from the late Miocene to the Pliocene epoch.

Researchers are hoping to search out extra Borophagus fossils to study extra concerning the canine, 

“The limb proportions of Borophagus are a conundrum to researchers,” Bōgner mentioned. “Having extra limb bones could be an enormous assist in understanding how these bone-crushing canine moved.” 

Dr. Joshua Samuels, an ETSU affiliate professor who additionally carried out the analysis, mentioned the approach to life of the canine is believed to be just like hyenas.

“I’d additionally wish to see bones that had been cracked open by Borophagus on the website,” Samuels mentioned. “That would assist us to grasp what they have been really consuming within the historical Appalachian forests.” 





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